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Fenugreeks are a type of pulse. Fenugreek needs a subtropical or tropical climate with more than 500 millimeters of annual rain. Mostly cultivated in central shewa and Amhara regions, it can be grown in a temperate climate but yields will be much lower.
Fenugreek is used in Eritrean and Ethiopian cuisine. The word for fenugreek in Amharic is abesh (or abish), and the seed is used in Ethiopia as a natural herbal medicine in the treatment of diabetes. Strongly aromatic and flavorful fenugreek seeds are popular spices widely used for their well recognized for culinary as well as for medicinal properties. Traditionally, fenugreeks are being used to cure digestive problems and to improve breast milk secretion in the nursing mothers.
Fenugreek leaves contain the following nutrients per 100 gm of edible portion: carbohydrates: 6.0 gm, protein: 4.4 gm, Fat: 0.9 gm, minerals: 1.5 gm, calcium: 395 gm, phosphorus: 51 gm, Iron: 1.93gm, total energy: 49 kcal.
Fenugreek seeds are rich source of minerals, vitamins, and phytonutrients. 100 gm seeds provide 323 calories. The minerals are like copper, potassium, calcium, iron, selenium, zinc, manganese, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure by countering action on sodium. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome-oxidases enzymes. It’s vital vitamins are essential nutrients for optimum health, including thiamin, pyridoxine (vitamin B6), folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin A, and vitamin-C.
Our seeds are a very good source of soluble dietary fiber. Soaking the seeds in water makes their outer coat soft and mucilaginous. 100 gm of seeds provide 24.6 gm or over 65% of dietary fiber. Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) which constitute major fiber content in the fenugreeks include saponins, hemicellulose, mucilage, tannin, and pectin. These compounds help lower blood LDL-cholesterol levels by inhibiting bile salts re-absorption in the colon. They also bind to toxins in the food and help to protect the colon mucus membrane from cancers. These NSPs (non-starch polysaccharides) increase the bulk of the food and augment bowel movements. Altogether, NSPs assist in smooth digestion and help relieve constipation ailments.
It has been established that amino-acid 4-hydroxy isoleucine present in the fenugreek seeds has facilitator action on insulin secretion. In addition, fiber in the seeds helps lower rate of glucose absorption in the intestines thus controls blood sugar levels. The seeds are therefore recommended in the diabetic diet.
Our seeds contain many phytochemical compounds such as choline, trigonelline diosgenin, yamogenin, gitogenin, tigogenin and neotigogens. Together, these compounds account for the medicinal properties of fenugreeks.
We keep our stock at moisture content around 10 to 12% to prevent insect and or disease outbreaks in storage. Usually our storage system carefully fumigated before storing the stock and all storage areas we have monitored regularly to identify potential problems early. We often pack at the time of sales in 50kg package system but it might vary depend on the demand of the buyers.